Avatar, incarnation, manifestation. Commonly dai-gongen 'great gongen'. An incarnation or temporary manifestation of a 'Buddha' or bosatsu. Formal designations of kami as gongen seem to have occurred mainly towards the end of the Heian period, in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Gongen were a focus of worship and devotion associated particularly with pre-Meiji yamabushi (mountain ascetics) but the yamabushi system was virtually destroyed and gongen given 'Shinto' names as part of the shinbutsu bunri campaign. Examples of kami as gongen include Kompira dai-gongen and Akiba-gongen. Hachiman was regarded as a gongen of Amida Buddha and Tokugawa, Ieyasu as Tosho-dai-gongen (at Nikko). Other notable shrines designated as gongen were Atsuta, Yoshino and Kumano.
   See also Gongen-zukuri.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gongen — Nikkō Tōshō gū enshrines Tokugawa Ieyasu under the posthumous name of Tōshō Daigongen Main article: Honji suijaku During the era of shinbutsu shūgō (religious syncretism of kami and buddhas), in Japan a ( gongen ( …   Wikipedia

  • gongen — gon|gen [ gɔŋən] <itr.; hat: 1. mit dem Gong ein Zeichen (für etwas) geben: der Kellner hat in der Halle gegongt. Syn.: ↑ läuten. 2. (vom Gong) ertönen: es gongte zum Abendessen. Syn.: ↑ läuten. * * * gọn|gen 〈V. intr.; hat〉 den Gong schlagen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gongen — gọn·gen; gongte, hat gegongt; [Vi] 1 einen Gong zum Tönen bringen: Der Steward gongt (zum Abendessen); [Vimp] 2 es gongt ein Gong ertönt …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • gongen — gọn|gen 〈V.〉 den Gong schlagen …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • gongen — gon|gen: a) ertönen (vom Gong); b) den Gong schlagen …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gongen — gọn|gen; es gongt …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • GONGEN (STYLE) — GONGEN STYLE L’expression gongen zukuri ou style gongen désigne au Japon un certain type de sanctuaire shintoïque, réservé au culte des héros divinisés. Le terme gongen est emprunté au vocabulaire du Ry 拏bu shint 拏 qui fait des divinités… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gongen-zukuri —     Gongen style . A style of shrine architecture which features extensive lacquer work and ornate carvings. The main shrine buildings are laid out in the shape of an H . It is common in shrines closely associated with esoteric Buddhist centres… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Dai-gongen —    See Gongen …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto architecture — …   Wikipedia

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