Hotoku
   'Repayment of indebtedness', or 'requital of blessings'. A popular Confucian movement founded by the 'peasant sage' Ninomiya, Sontoku (1787-1856) which spread among farmers. It was similar in many ways to shingaku. Ninomiya taught that carefully planned, rational and productive agricultural or other work was a means of repaying the 'blessings' received from kami, Buddhas, parents and government. In typical Confucian fashion Ninomiya was not concerned with sectarian differences and adopted a completely syncretic approach to kami and buddhas. Comparisons have been drawn between the religio-economic ideology of Hotoku and the 'protestant ethic' described by Max Weber which may in the West have prepared the way for the 'capitalist spirit' paralleled in pre-Meiji Japan before the advent of Western capitalism. After the Meiji restoration Hotoku became popular with the Japanese government who emphasised obligation to the emperor. In 1906 the Home Ministry celebrated Ninomiya's 50th death anniversary by sponsoring hotoku associations in rural communities. The government also erected statues of the boy Ninomiya as an exemplar of moral virtue in school playgrounds.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hōtoku — [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 331 347.] Change of era*; 1449: The era name was changed to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Bun an 6, on the 28th day of the 7th… …   Wikipedia

  • Hōtoku — ▪ Japanese religious movement       semireligious movement among Japanese peasants initiated in the 19th century by Ninomiya Sontoku, who was known as the “peasant sage.” He combined an eclectic, nonsectarian ethic of cooperation and mutual help… …   Universalium

  • Emperor Go-Hanazono — (July 10, 1419 ndash; January 18, 1471) was the 102nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1428 through] 1464. [Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 331 351.] …   Wikipedia

  • Yagyū, Nara — ] Places of interestSome famous locations of interest in Yagyū no sato include: * Hōtoku ji (芳徳寺) * Enjō ji (円成寺) * The home of the former karō of the Yagyū clan (旧柳生藩家老屋敷 Kyū Yagyū han karō yashiki )The road leading to, and through, Yagyu is one …   Wikipedia

  • Ères du Japon — Les ères du Japon (年号, nengō?, littéralement « nom de l année ») sont un calendrier couramment utilisé au Japon pour compter les années. Par exemple, Heisei 18 correspond à l année 2006 et l année 2007 fut Heisei 19. Comme beaucoup de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ninomiya Sontoku — (jap. 二宮 尊徳, geboren als Ninomiya Kinjirō (二宮 金次郎, bzw. 金治郎); * 4. September 1787 in Kayama; † 17. September 1856 in Imaichi) war ein japanischer Agrarreformer. Biographie Ninomiya wurde in eine Bauernfamilie geboren, die in der Zeit seiner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Meiji period — History of Japan Meiji Constitution promulgation Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 …   Wikipedia

  • Japanese era name — The Japanese era calendar scheme is a common calendar scheme used in Japan, which identifies a year by the combination of the Japanese era name (年号, nengō?, lit. year name) and the year number within the era. For example, the year 2011 is Heisei… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashikaga Yoshimasa — was the 8th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1449 to 1473 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshimasa was the son of the sixth shogun Ashikaga Yoshinori.Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). [http://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ… …   Wikipedia

  • Man'en — History of Japan Shōsōin Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 Asuka period …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”