Ishida, Baigan
(1685-1744)
   A farmer's son from north of Kyoto who founded the popular shingaku (heart-learning) movement. He was apprenticed to a merchant family in Kyoto and studied in his spare time. In 1729 at the age of 44 he started giving free lectures in the city, gaining an increasing following among the townspeople (chonin) and some samurai and Buddhist monks for his clear and inspiring guidance in matters of ethics and spirituality. He remained unmarried and devoted all his efforts to teaching a syncretic blend of Shinto, Taoist, Confucian and Buddhist philosophy which stressed the need to cultivate the shin (kokoro, heart or mind) in order to manifest virtues of harmony, frugality and honesty. He is remembered as a kind and considerate man. In the Kyoto famine of 1740 he and his followers collected contributions for the relief of the poor.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Ishida Baigan — ▪ Japanese scholar born Oct. 12, 1685, Tamba Province, Japan died Oct. 29, 1744, Kyōto       Japanese scholar who originated the moral education movement called Shingaku (“Heart Learning”), which sought to popularize ethics among the common… …   Universalium

  • Shingaku —    1) The shingaku (heart learning) movement founded by Ishida, Baigan, for which see next entry. (2) The study of kami; Shinto theology. A tradition of Shinto theology can be traced back to asssumptions about the nature of the gods incorporated… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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  • Shingaku — (心学, lit. heart learning ) is a Japanese religious movement, founded by Ishida Baigan and further developed by Teshima Toan, which was especially influential during the Tokugawa period. Shingaku has been characterized as coming from a Neo… …   Wikipedia

  • Shingaku — ▪ religious movement Japanese“Heart Learning,” or “Mind Learning”       religious and ethical movement in Japan founded by Ishida Baigan (AD 1685–1744). It pays particular devotion to the Shintō sun goddess Amaterasu and to the uji gami, or… …   Universalium

  • Chōnin — Los chōnin (町人, chōnin ? «habitantes de la ciudad»)[1] fueron una clase de ciudadanos que emergió en Japón durante los primeros años del periodo Edo (1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Liste literarischer Fachbegriffe zur japanischen Literatur — Die Liste literarischer Fachtermini zur japanischen Literatur beinhaltet insbesondere Begriffe, die nicht als eigenständiges Lemma aufgeführt sind. Sie dient als Konkordanzliste zu Fachbegriffen der deutschen Literaturwissenschaft. Alphabetische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Confucianism and Shinto —    Confucianism, though it has no institutional presence as a religion in Japan, has played a major role in the evolution of Japanese religion and in particular the character of modem Shinto. While Confucian philosophy, especially of the shushi… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Tsuzoku shinto —    Popular Shinto. Another name for folk Shinto or minkan Shinto applied particularly to popular religious movements incorporating Shinto elements which arose before the Meiji restoration and accompanied intellectual developments such as kokugaku …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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