Iwakura, Tomomi

Iwakura, Tomomi
   A powerful modernising statesman of the Meiji restoration. Born a member of the lower nobility in Kyoto he rose through study and ability to become a chamberlain of the emperor Komei. In 1858 he was among a group of 88 nobles who protested against leaving responsibility for Japan-US commercial relations in the hands of the shogunate. However in 1860-61 because of his work to improve relations between the imperial court and the shogunate he was branded a traitor and harrassed by the then-influential anti-shogunate party and he retired to become a shaven-headed Buddhist monk for a period. During this time he went over to the anti-shogunate side and plotted with others to restore the new Meiji emperor to power, taking part in the coup d'etat of 1868 with the Satsuma samurai which overthrew the shogun. He held several key positions in the new government, became minister of foreign affairs and then envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary for the 'Iwakura mission' to Europe and the United States in 1871-73. Influenced by Tamamatsu, Misao's national learning (kokugaku) outlook Iwakura initially supported the establishment of the jingikan in the Meiji restoration but soon distanced himself from anti-foreign Shinto extremism in order to accommodate religious toleration, which had become a prerequisite for the renegotiation of unequal trade treaties with the Western powers. Iwakura remained firmly opposed to the people's rights movement and fought to preserve the status of the nobility and oligarchic rule, as reflected in the Meiji Constitution of 1889. He had a state funeral and was promoted posthumously to the office of dajo-daijin (premier). On his death, large sums were collected to build a shrine and install him as a kami. Instead, the money was used to build a school, so he is not a kami.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Iwakura Tomomi — (1825 1883) Iwakura Tomomi (jap. 岩倉具視; * 15. September 1825 in Kyōto; † 20. Juli 1883 in Tōkyō) war ein japanischer Höfling und Politiker der späten Tokugawa und frühen Meiji Zeit. Leben Iwakura Tomomi wurde als zweit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iwakura Tomomi — Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre. Iwakura Tomomi. Iwakura Tomomi (岩倉具視, Iwakura Tomomi …   Wikipedia Español

  • Iwakura Tomomi — from whom he received his family name. He was trained by the kampaku Takatsukasa Masamichi and wrote the opinion for the imperial Court reformation. In 1854 he became a chamberlain to Emperor Kōmei.As court nobleLike other courtiers in Kyoto,… …   Wikipedia

  • Iwakura Tomomi — ▪ Japanese statesman born Oct. 26, 1825, Kyōto, Japan died July 20, 1883, Tokyo  one of Japan s most influential statesmen of the 19th century.       He was born to the family of a court noble of relatively low rank. Adopted as son and heir of… …   Universalium

  • Tomomi Iwakura — Iwakura Tomomi (1825 1883) Iwakura Tomomi (jap. 岩倉具視; * 15. September 1825 in Kyōto; † 20. Juli 1883 in Tōkyō) war ein japanischer Höfling und Politiker der späten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tomomi Iwakura — ou, selon l usage japonaise[1], Iwakura Tomomi (岩倉具視) (1825 1883) ou encore Horikawa Tomomi (堀川具視 ; son nom d homme d État) était un noble japonais qui joua un rôle important pendant la restauration de Meiji en influençant l opinion de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iwakura-Mission — (jap. 岩倉使節団 Iwakura shisetsudan) ist der Name einer von 1871 bis 1873 dauernden Reise einer aus fünf hochrangigen japanischen Politikern bestehenden Gruppe unter der Leitung von Iwakura Tomomi nach Nordamerika und Europa. Das Ziel dieser Reise… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iwakura — could mean:*Iwakura (Shinto), sacred rocks considered to be abodes of the gods in Shinto. *The city of Iwakura in the Aichi Prefecture of Japan. *The Iwakura Mission, a diplomatic program during the Meiji restoration. * Iwakura Oda alternate… …   Wikipedia

  • Iwakura — Iwakura, Tomomi, japan. Staatsmann, geb. 1815 in Kioto als Sohn eines Kuge (Hofadligen), gest. 1887, war, in chinesischer Philosophie ausgebildet, entschiedener Feind der Fremden und bewog 1858 den Mikado Komei Tennô, den Vertrag des Shôgun von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Iwakura Mission — The Iwakura Mission or Iwakura Embassy ( ja. 岩倉使節団, Iwakura Shisetsudan) was a Japanese diplomatic journey around the world, initiated in 1871 by the oligarchs of the Meiji era. Although it was not the only such mission , it is the most well… …   Wikipedia

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