- The popular name for Awaji myojin. The name derives from the accounts in the Kojiki and Nihongi of the first birth by sexual reproduction of the 'leech child' hiru-ko and the island called aha/awa or ahaji/awaji. Belief in awashima-sama was popularised in the seventeenth century by wandering 'ahashima' priest-healers specialising in gynaecological illnesses.
A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. Brian Bocking.