Shrine Office, or Bureau of Shrine Affairs. Established in 1900 in the Naimusho (Home Ministry), the Jinja Kyoku provided for the central administration of shrines and priests throughout the country. A Bureau of Religions (Shukyo-Kyoku) in the Ministry of Education was established at the same time to oversee 'religions'. By this time the official view that Shinto was not a shukyo, a religion, was well developed. The two new bureaux replaced the shajikyoku which had covered both Shinto and Buddhism since the abolition of the Ministry of Religion (Kyobusho) in 1877. Although as a sub-department of the Home Ministry (Naimusho) the Jinjakyoku fell far short of the Shinto priesthood's early Meiji ideal of a restored Ritsuryo-style Jingi-kan it did symbolise at a high level the separation of Shinto as a civic duty from other 'religions' in Japan. Its activities were expanded in 1940 through the establishment of the Jingi-in. Some claim that the establishment of the jinja-kyoku, rather than earlier Meiji developments, marked the beginning of 'state shinto' (kokka shinto).

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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