Jinja shinto
   'Shrine Shinto'. One of a number of modern academic terms used in both the administration and analysis of Shinto (see Kokka Shinto, Kyoha Shinto, Minzoku shinto etc.). In the Shinto Directive it was one of the synonyms of 'state Shinto'. It has been defined by the Jinja Honcho as 'the traditional religious practices carried on in shrines throughout Japan's history, as well as the attitudes to life which suppport these practices'. Critics have suggested that using even the term 'Shinto' in its modern sense to refer to the past is problematic. Shinto since 1945 has been different from the so-called 'kokka shinto' (state Shinto) of 1868-1945, and Meiji 'Shinto' in turn differed markedly from the socio-religious arrangements of Japan in the preceding eras when the term 'Shinto' had different meanings and shrine practices were incorporated within a predominantly Buddhist world-view (see Shinto). It is probably advisable to reserve the term 'shrine shinto' for the form of Shinto which has existed since 1945 in Japan in which shrines are on the same constitutional footing as all other religious institutions, have no doubt carried forward from prewar days an expectation of centralised guidance, but are financially independent of the state and are no longer guided by government decrees. In this sense 'shrine Shinto' means the beliefs and practices currently associated with the shrines, particularly those who look to the Jinja Honcho for guidance.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Jinja Honcho —    Usually translated into English as The Association of Shinto Shrines or The Shrine Association , Jinja Honcho is the present co ordinating or governing body for most of shrine Shinto (jinja shinto). The word honcho actually means not… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto Taikyo —     Great Teaching of Shinto . One of the thirteen groups of sect Shinto (kyoha shinto). An organisation with no single founder, it was established in 1873 by pro Shinto Meiji administrators as the Temple of the Great Teaching (Taikyo in) to… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja sankei —    = Jinja sanpai …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja-kyoku —    Shrine Office, or Bureau of Shrine Affairs. Established in 1900 in the Naimusho (Home Ministry), the Jinja Kyoku provided for the central administration of shrines and priests throughout the country. A Bureau of Religions (Shukyo Kyoku) in the …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja gappei —    Shrine merger. Also referred to as jinja goshi joint enshrinement . It refers to a process where shrines (and their kami) A and B are merged with shrine C, such that shrine C remains as the place of enshrinement of all the kami, and shrines A… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja — may be:* Jinja, Uganda, a city in Uganda close to the source of the Nile River * Jinja District, the district in Uganda named after the above city * Jinja (Shinto), a Shinto shrine * Jinja (Template engine), a Template engine …   Wikipedia

  • Jinja —    The generic term for shrine. Literally kami place , a reminder that kami are generally closely identified with the vicinity of the shrine, not seen as remote deities to be worshipped via any shrine (though see Yohai jo). In shrine names, jinja …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja kyokai zasshi —    Magazine of the Shrine Association. A national magazine of the Shinto priesthood in prewar Japan. It was an important medium of instruction for local Shinto priests attempting, for example through outreach activities to schools and youth… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto Directive —    The Shinto Directive (in Japanese translation shinto shirei) was a short document produced, under the direction of the American William K.Bunce, by the Religions Division of the Civil Information and Education Section, Supreme Commander of… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Jinja fukkyu —     Shrine restoration . An official term recognised in the prewar Shrine Administration Law, which presupposes an understanding of jinja gappei. It refers to the process by which the deity of a central, merged shrine was enshrined in one of the… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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