- Kami. A term best left untranslated. In Japanese it usually qualifies a name or object rather than standing alone, indicating that the object or entity has kami-quality. Kami may refer to the divine, sacred, spiritual and numinous quality or energy of places and things, deities of imperial and local mythology, spirits of nature and place, divinised heroes, ancestors, rulers and statesmen. Virtually any object, place or creature may embody or possess the quality or characteristic of kami, but it may be helpful to think of kami as first and foremost a quality of a physical place, usually a shrine, or in pre-Meiji times either a shrine or a Buddhist temple and often both together. Either the place itself is kami or a particular named mythological kami (perhaps in the form of its 'divided spirit' bunrei) is enshrined in such-and-such a place. Hence shrines tend to be named after the place—Iwashimizu Hachiman, Kanda jinja Ise, (not Amaterasu) Jingu, etc., though there are modern exceptions such as the Meiji jingu. Numerous interesting etymologies have been suggested for the term kami, but its meaning lies in its use within the different periods and dimensions of Japanese religion. Although Shinto purists like to reserve the term kami for Shinto (rather than Buddhist) use, most ordinary Japanese make no clear conceptual distinction between kami and Buddhist divinities, though practices surrounding kami and Buddhas may vary according to custom. This accommodating attitude is a legacy of the thorough integration of the notion of kami into the Buddhist world-view which predominated in Japanese religion before the reforms of the Meiji period and has been to some extent revived since 1945, often through the new religions. This is despite the 'separation of kami and Buddhas' (shinbutsu bunri) of 1868, when deities enshrined both as Buddhist divinities and as kami of a certain location (see Honji-suijaku) had to be re-labelled as either Buddha/ bosatsu or kami. In understanding Japanese religion, to think of kami as constitutinga separate category of 'Shinto' divine beings leads only to confusion. The 'shin' of 'Shinto' is written with the same Chinese character as kami.See Shinto.
A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. Brian Bocking.
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kami — kami … Dictionnaire des rimes
kami — [kä′mē] n. pl. kami 〚Jpn, deity, god〛 Shintoism a divine power or aura, often identified with one or more deities or ancestors * * * ka·mi (käʹmĭ) n. pl. kami Any of the sacred beings worshiped in Shintoism, conceived as spirits abiding in… … Universalium
kami — [ kami ] n. m. • 1845 au plur.; mot jap. « seigneur » ♦ Didact. Divinité, dans la religion shintoïste. Les kamis. Par ext. Titre de noblesse au Japon. ● kami nom masculin (mot japonais signifiant Dieu, Créateur) Au Japon, nom générique donné à… … Encyclopédie Universelle
kami — KÁMI s.m. pl. Nume generic dat în vechea Japonie spiritelor, forţelor şi fenomenelor supranaturale. (cf. fr. kami < cuv. jap., literal, superior; domn, stăpân) Trimis de tavi, 13.07.2004. Sursa: MDN … Dicționar Român
kami — [kä′mē] n. pl. kami [Jpn, deity, god] Shintoism a divine power or aura, often identified with one or more deities or ancestors … English World dictionary
Kami — Ka mi, n. pl. [Japanese, god.] A title given to the celestial gods of the first mythical dynasty of Japan and extended to the demigods of the second dynasty, and then to the long line of spiritual princes still represented by the mikado. [1913… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Kami — Kami, in der Schintoreligion der Japaner die Verehrung berühmter Männer, s. Japan, S. 177 … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
kami — Japanese for superior, lord, a title given to governors, also used of deities; the word chosen by Japanese converts and Protestant missionaries to refer to the Christian god … Etymology dictionary
kami — kȃmi m <G ja> DEFINICIJA 1. titula japanskih plemića 2. opći naziv za japanska nacionalna božanstva ETIMOLOGIJA jap … Hrvatski jezični portal
kami — kȁmi m DEFINICIJA rel. u šintoizmu opći naziv za božanstva, prirodne sile, dobre i loše, koje se štuju zbog svoje nadmoćnosti … Hrvatski jezični portal