Bakufu
   Literally 'tent-government'. The name of the feudal regime established at Kamakura in 1185. It followed the epic 'gempei' civil wars between the early samurai warriors of the Minamoto (Genji) and Taira (Heike) clans. To restrict the power of the sohei or monk-soldiers the emperor Go-shirakawa, who ruled from 1155-1158 but exercised power over a much longer period as an insei or 'retired monarch', had made alliances at different times with the provincial Taira and Minamoto clans. Their consequent battles for supremacy led to Minamoto, Yoritomo's establishment of the first bakufu government at Kamakura in 1185. In practice bakufu rule came to be exercised by the Hojo family as hereditary regents or deputies (shikken) to the shoguns, just as the Fujiwara had deputised for the emperors. The move to Kamakura (and subsequently to Edo, Tokyo), though it preserved many of the features of the ritsuryo system, effectively ended the government of the Kyoto emperors, apart from a two-year 'restoration' achieved by emperor Go-Daigo in 1334-36 which preceded the Ashikaga shogunate. Many centuries later kokugaku or fukko shinto scholars and activists sought to restore ritsuryo imperial rule; hence the Meiji 'Restoration'.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • bakufu — ● bakufu nom masculin (japonais bakufu, gouvernement de la tente) Au Japon, gouvernement féodal du shogun, inauguré en 1185 à Kamakura par Minamoto no Yoritomo. bakufu [bakufu] n. m. ÉTYM. D. i. (répandu XXe); mot japonais, littéralt «… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bakufu — (»Zeltregierung«), in Japan die Regierung des Shogun. Der Name weist auf den kriegerischen Ursprung des Shogunats hin (s. Schogun) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bakufu —   [japanisch »Zeltregierung«] der, (s)/ s, in Japan ursprünglich das Feldlager des Großfeldherrn, dann die Residenz und der Titel des Kommandeurs der Leibwache des japanischen Kaisers; 1192 1867 Bezeichnung der Militärregierung in Japan, in der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bakufu — Le bakufu (幕府, bakufu?, litt. gouvernement sous la tente) ou shogunat (de shogun) est un gouvernement militaire ayant eu cours au Japon de la fin du XIIe siècle à la révolution de l …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bakufu — (Japanese; tent government ) Military rule of the country by a hereditary shogun, as opposed to rule by the imperial court and the emperor. There have been three periods of bakufu government in Japanese history: Minamoto Yoritomo established the… …   Universalium

  • bakufu — (japonés; gobierno de tienda de campaña .) En Japón, gobierno militar hereditario de un sogún, opuesto al gobierno del emperador y la corte imperial. Han existido tres períodos de estos gobiernos en la historia japonesa: Minamoto Yoritomo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bakufu — Minamoto no Yoritomo, der erste Shogun des Kamakura Shōgunats Shōgun (jap. 将軍, vollständiger Titel: 征夷大将軍 Seii Taishōgun, in etwa Unterdrücker der Barbaren und großer General) war ein japanischer Militärtitel für Anführer aus der Kriegerkaste der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bakufu — n. shogunate, rule by a shogun …   English contemporary dictionary

  • bakufu — ист. Сёгунат. Период японской истории, когда реальная власть находилась в руках сёгуна …   Японско-русский словарь терминов японских боевых искусств

  • Bakufu Kamakura — Shogunat de Kamakura Cette statue de Kongōrikishi en bois fut créée durant la période Kamakura au cours du XIVe siècle. Elle gardait à l origine la porte de l Ebaradera, un temple de Sakai …   Wikipédia en Français

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