'Special-rank governmental shrine'. A category (see Shakaku seido) established in 1872 which eventually comprised twenty seven existing and newly-built shrines dedicated to famous loyalists and military heroes. Examples include the Uesugi jinja, built in 1871 and made a bekkaku in 1902, dedicated to Terutora, Uesugi, the Hokoku jinja (1873) enshrining Toyotomi, Hideyoshi, the Nikko toshogu (classified as a bekkaku shrine in 1873) which enshrines Tokugawa, Hideyoshi and the Minatogawa-jinja (1872) in Kobe enshrining, at the spot where he died in battle in 1336, Kusunoki, Masashige, the faithful champion of emperor Daigo. The Yasukuni jinja came in the same category but was dedicated to all fallen Meiji loyalists and the war-dead of subsequent national wars, rather than to one hero.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Uesugi Matsuri —     Uesugi festival . One of a number of patriotic festivals inaugurated in the Meiji period, often at shrines (bekkaku kampei sha) built for the purpose of promoting Japan s past military heroes. It commemorates the exploits of Terutora (known… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Minatogawa-Schrein — Vorderseite des Minatogawa Schreins …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minatogawa-jinja — Vorderseite des Minatogawa Schreins Vorderseite des Hauptschreins Der Minatogawa Schrein (jap. 湊川神社, auch Nanko san) ist e …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sanctuaire de Minatogawa — Façade du sanctuaire de Minatogawa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hokoku jinja —    Hokoku (also pronounced toyo kuni) means Abundant country . The Kyoto Hokoku jinja built in 1700 enshrined Hideyoshi, Toyotomi. It was destroyed under the Tokugawa shogunate and reconstructed on a new site in 1880 next to a Buddhist temple… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Minatogawa jinja —    A Meiji era bekkaku kampei sha in Kobe built in 1871 around an earlier monument to Kusunoki, Masashige to whom the shrine is dedicated. Since 1987 it has formed part of a shichi fukujin route developed around seven major shrines and Buddhist… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shokonsha —     Shokon means to invoke or invite the spirits of the dead, specifically the war dead. A shokonsha is a type of shrine dedicated since the Meiji period to past military heroes and the spirits of the war dead. In Meiji era Tokyo the Shokonsha… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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