'Records of Ancient Matters'. The oldest extant work of imperial mythology, written by a court noble called Yasumaro in 712. It incorporates some much older oral material including a number of songs. Rediscovered through the philological researches of Kamo no Mabuchi and especially Motoori, Norinaga, it came to be regarded as a Shinto scripture by the kokugaku school. The work is said to have been initiated by Emperor Temmu who in 673 had usurped the throne and was concerned to 'correct' existing clan histories. Temmu recited the material to Hiyeda no Are, a member of his household endowed with a remarkable memory. No details are known about Are, who may have been male or female. For twenty-five years after the emperor's death Are preserved the text before transmitting it on the orders of Empress Gemmio to Yasumaro, who rendered the oral tradition into written form in 712. For the main text Yasumaro used Chinese characters but in a way which preserved a far less Chinese-influenced, more 'Japanese' style of narrative than the near-contemporary Nihongi, hence the kokugaku preference for this text. Like the Nihongi, the Kojiki contains myths and semi-historical material about the imperial clan. It covers events from the birth of the primordial kami in the plain of high heaven (takama-ga-hara) down to to the historical reign of the empress Suiko (r.593-623) and was intended to legitimise the lineage of Temmu. There are English translations by Chamberlain (1882) and Philippi (1968).

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Kojiki — or Furukotofumi (古事記), also known in English as the Records of Ancient Matters , is the oldest surviving book in Japan. The body of the Kojiki is written in Chinese, but it includes numerous Japanese names and some phrases. The songs included in… …   Wikipedia

  • KOJIKI — Le Kojiki , ou Notes sur les faits du passé , est le plus ancien texte rédigé en langue japonaise. Cosmogonie, chronique mythique, «Livre des rois» de la dynastie insulaire, il sera considéré au XIXe siècle comme le «livre saint» du shint 拏… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kojiki —   [ dʒi ; japanisch »Bericht über alte Begebenheiten«], 712 auf Befehl der japanischen Kaiserin Gemmei (707 715) von Ō no Yasumaro (✝ 723) kompiliertes Geschichtswerk; es stützt sich auf ältere, verloren gegangene Werke sowie die mündliche… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kojiki — O no Yasumaro (太安万侶) fue un sirviente civil e historiador del Japón ancestral. Editó el Kojiki(古事記), siendo éste un libro histórico. La presente imagen fue pintada por Kikuchi Yōsai(菊池容斎) que era un pintor originario de Japón. Kojiki o… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kojiki — Le Kojiki (古事記, kojiki?, litt. Chronique des faits anciens) est un recueil de mythes concernant l’origine des îles formant le Japon et des dieux (kami). Avec le Nihon Shoki, les légendes contenues dans le Kojiki ont inspiré beaucoup de pratiques… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kojiki — Das Kojiki (jap. 古事記, dt. „Aufzeichnung alter Geschehnisse“) beschreibt die Mythologie und Frühgeschichte Japans vom mythischen Zeitalter der Götter bis zur Zeit der Kaiserin Suiko. Es diente zur damaligen Zeit in erster Linie der Legitimation… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kojiki — (Record of Ancient Matters) (ca. 712)    The oldest surviving written text in Japanese, the Kojiki was first presented at the emperor’s court in Nara in 712, two years after the founding of that imperial city. It is basically a chronicle in three …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Kojiki — ▪ Japanese religious text       (Japanese: “Records of Ancient Matters”), together with the Nihon shoki (q.v.), the first written record in Japan, part of which is considered a sacred text of the Shintō religion. The Kojiki text was compiled from …   Universalium

  • Kojiki — Ko|ji|ki [ ko:dʒi...] vgl. ↑Kodschiki …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Kojiki — n. (Japanese) Records of Ancient Matters , 8th century official and most important Japanese history book compiled and written by Ono Yasumaro and Hieda no Are (completed in 712 A.D.) …   English contemporary dictionary

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