- Kokutai no hongi
- 'Cardinal Principles of the National Entity'. An ethics textbook for schools and universities published in 1937 for the Ministry of Education which set out the principles of the emperor system, focusing on the notion of the kokutai or 'national entity' and incorporating ideas from the Imperial Rescript on Education (kyoiku chokugo) of 1890. It may be taken as representative of the ideology of what is called 'state shinto' (see Kokka Shinto). Sections of the text were included in other ethics textbooks and pupils and teachers were required to read and discuss its contents. The teachings of religious groups were tested against the principles set out in Kokutai no Hongi. The first section 'The National Entity of Japan' recounts as history the mythological origins of the Japanese nation and the sacred ancestry of the emperor, drawing directly on the Nihongi and Kojiki accounts popularised by kokugaku thinkers since the late Tokugawa period. Other themes include the virtues of the emperor, the unity of rites, administration and education and the emperor's love for his people. Under 'The Way of the Subjects' patriotism and the unity of loyalty and filial piety are extolled. A chapter on harmony between God and man compares the fragmented situation in the West with that of Japan.The martial spirit, musubi and the oneness of sovereign and subjects are explained. In part two 'The Manifestation of our National Entity in History' a description is given of the many ways in which the noble characteristics of the Japanese have been manifested at different periods of history and through different religious traditions, all of which are shown to esteem selfless devotion. The work concludes with a comparison of Western and Eastern ideologies which criticizes the individualism of Western thought and shows how only those ideas are acceptable which accord with the national entity. There is an English translation of the Kokutai no Hongi by John Owen Gauntlett.
A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. Brian Bocking.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kokutai — (jap. 国体 (Shinjitai) oder 國體 (Kyūjitai)) ist ein japanischer Begriff, der viele verschiedene Übersetzungen zulässt (so z. B. Volkscharakter, Gemeinwesen oder Landeskörper, im Englischen oft auch national polity) und seit der Meiji Zeit im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kokutai — (Kyūjitai: 國體, Shinjitai: 国体, Kokutai ? ”estructura/comunidad nacional”) es una palabra reforzada del idioma japonés, traducible como “identidad nacional; esencia nacional; carácter nacional” o “política nacional; comunidad política; entidad… … Wikipedia Español
Kokutai — (Kyūjitai: 國體, Shinjitai: 国体, lit. national body/structure ) is a politically loaded word in the Japanese language, translatable as national identity; national essence; national character or national polity; body politic; national entity; basis… … Wikipedia
Kokutai — National Polity, National Entity. Literally the body of the nation (of which the Emperor is the head). A Meiji era politico religious concept central to the Tennosei system up to 1945, with some residual influence among Shinto thinkers today.… … A Popular Dictionary of Shinto
Statism in Shōwa Japan — See also: Japanese militarism Statism in Shōwa Japan (国家主義 (Kokka shugi?)) was a political syncretism of Japanese right wing political ideologies, developed over a period of time from the Meiji Restoration. It is also someti … Wikipedia
Nihonjinron — Cultural map of the world according to the World Values Survey, describing Japan as highest in the world in Rational Secular Values , and average high in Self Expression Values . The term Nihonjinron (日本人論 … Wikipedia
Shinmin no Michi — The nihongo| Shinmin no Michi |臣民の道| The Path of Subjects was an ideological manifesto issued by the Ministry of Education of Japan during World War II aimed at Japan’s domestic audience to explain in clear terms what was expected of them as a… … Wikipedia
Nihonjinron — (jap. 日本人論), üblicherweise mit „Japaner Diskurs/e“ übersetzt, ist ein Sammelbegriff für eine Richtung der japanischen Nachkriegsliteratur, die sich vor allem nach dem Friedensvertrag von San Francisco von 1952 in Tausenden von Büchern und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Militarism-Socialism in Showa Japan — Japanese Militarism Socialism, sometimes also referred to as Japanese right socialism , Shōwa Nationalism or Japanese fascism, refers to a political syncretism of Japanese right wing political ideologies, developed over a period of time from the… … Wikipedia
Shotouka-Chiri — is a geography book for elementary schools that was published in Japan in 1943. It was the official geography text for obligatory use in the Kokumin Gakkou, or National School . It complemented the Japanese history present in Shinmin no Michi and … Wikipedia