Kyoha Shinto
   'Sect Shinto'. An administrative category applied to certain religious groups. It emerged as a result of Meiji government legislation in 1876 designed to give all kinds of independent religious movements, some of which focused on a particular kami, a legal status. The 'sects' had names ending in -kyo (literally: teaching) and were so called to differentiate them from the institutions of the state-sponsored 'national teaching' (kokkyo, taikyo) which evolved into the 'non-religious' form of shrine Shinto (see Kokka Shinto). The number, names and indeed nature of the groups did not remain constant; among the sects with Shinto affiliations some like Jingukyo did not persist as sects and all the groups eventually incorporated key teachings of the emperor system. In 1921 the Kyoha Shinto Rengo-kai, the official association of Shinto sects had thirteen groups, into which were forcibly incorporated many smaller groups which regrouped after 1945. The thirteen sects included revelatory 'new' religious movements originating in the pre-Meiji period such as Tenrikyo, Kurozumi-kyo and Konko-kyo together with sects which had begun as shrine-supporting networks formed by shrine administrators (e.g. Shinto Taisei-kyo, Ontake-kyo, Shinto Taikyo). Omoto-kyo which is sometimes listed as one of the thirteen came under the auspices of Fuso-kyo. The list also included Izumo oyashiro-kyo, Jikko-kyo, Misogi-kyo, Shinshu-kyo, Shinto shuseiha and Shinri-kyo. Numerous other sects in modern Japan classified as 'sect Shinto' developed from or were classified under the thirteen recognised prewar sects and there are around fifty 'new sect shinto' organisations which began after 1945. In 1970 Tenri-kyo repudiated its Shinto identity. Kyoha shinto is also referred to as Shuha shinto.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kyōha Shintō — ▪ Japanese religion English  Sect Shintō        group of folk religious sects in Japan that were separated by a government decree in 1882 from the suprareligious national cult, State Shintō. They were denied public support, and their… …   Universalium

  • Shinto Shuseiha —     Shinto Cultivation Group . An association founded in 1873 by Nitta, Kuniteru (1829 1902) for the purpose of worshipping Amaterasu, the kami of heaven, and the kami of earth, the triad who figure in the Kojiki account of creation. The… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto Taikyo —     Great Teaching of Shinto . One of the thirteen groups of sect Shinto (kyoha shinto). An organisation with no single founder, it was established in 1873 by pro Shinto Meiji administrators as the Temple of the Great Teaching (Taikyo in) to… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto taisei-kyo —     Accomplishment of the Way of the Kami . A religious group founded by Hirayama, Seisai or Shosai (1815 1890), a high ranking member of the last Tokugawa government. He arrived in Edo at the age of twenty and studied Chinese and kokugaku. After …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shintō-Abspaltung — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shintō-Sekte — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shintō-Sekten — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shinto sects and schools — Torii gate typical from Shinto shrines Shinto (神道, shintō?), the …   Wikipedia

  • Shinto — Shintoist, n., adj. /shin toh/, n. 1. Also, Shintoism. the native religion of Japan, primarily a system of nature and ancestor worship. adj. 2. Also, Shintoistic. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Shinto. [ < Japn shinto, earlier shintau <… …   Universalium

  • Shuha shinto —    = Kyoha shinto …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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