Okage-mairi
   'Thanks' or 'Blessings' visits. It refers to mass pilgrimages to Ise jingu during the Tokugawa period which took place at irregular intervals, the largest—involving 2-5 million people each time—at approximately sixty-year intervals (1705, 1771 and 1830). There were many other nation-wide or smaller okage-mairi during this period. The early pilgrimages were relatively restrained, with pious travellers dressed in white, while later okage-mairi such as the largest in 1830 began spontaneously with rumours that Ise talismans were falling from the sky (o-fuda furi) and led to mass excitement as workers, men women and children left their homes with or without permission and converged on Ise, supported on their way by members of the communities through which they passed who were keen to gain merit and prevent too much disorder by helping the pilgrims along. The pilgrimages mingled religious devotion and adventure with manifold secular pleasures and a spirit of ritual rebellion which sought 'world-renewal' (yo-naoshi); readjustment of the inequalities between different classes of society. These outbreaks of popular devotion were deeply deplored by most kokugaku thinkers.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Ise Jingu —    or Ise no jingu, Ise Daijingu. The Ise Shrine or Grand Shrine of Ise in Mie prefecture south west of Nara by the Isuzu river. It comprises two shrine complexes; the Kotai Jingu or Naiku (Inner Shrine) of Amaterasu and the Toyouke Daijingu or… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Junpai —    A round of pilgrimages. A term common to Shinto and Buddhism, it refers to the practice of visiting a series of shrines, temples and holy sites such as caves, waterfalls etc in a defined circuit, usually of 33 or 88 shrines and/or temples. It… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Oshi —    Or onshi. Pilgrim masters, based at Ise (see Ise Jingu). A network of 600 700 oshi and their employees and associates governed the pilgrimage trade to Ise by the seventeenth century. Pilgrimage had developed out of earlier Watarai Shinto… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Toyo-uke no kami —    Or Toyo uke hime. The kami enshrined in the geku ( outer shrine ) of the Ise jingu. The identity of this kami is hard to clarify. She is the food kami, also the mother or parents (=Izanagi and Izanami) of Amaterasu (who is enshrined in the… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Kazunari Ninomiya — 二宮 和也 Born June 17, 1983 (1983 06 17) (age 28) Origin Katsushika, Tokyo, Japan Genres Pop …   Wikipedia

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