Sanja takusen
   'Oracles of the three shrines' (of Amaterasu, Kasuga and Hachiman) which have exerted influence from the medieval period to modern times. According to legend the oracles appeared on the surface of a pond at the Todaiji Buddhist temple in Nara in the late 13th century. In scrolls and reproductions of the oracles Amaterasu o-mikami appears in the centre with Hachiman Daibosatsu to the right and Kasuga Daimyojin to the left. The oracles included Buddhist and Confucian ideas on purity of mind, honesty and benevolence. They acquired some authority as a basis for moral teachings and contributed to the development of Shinto doctrines.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Takusen —    An oracle from a kami or spirit conveyed by a medium, often a woman or child who is possessed by the deity, usually through questions and answers. Foxes enshrined in houses and usually identified as Inari or his messenger used to be well known …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Sanja —    The three shrines of Ise, Kasuga and Hachiman which by the twelfth century came to be seen as a unity that protected the state. They were hierarchically positioned above a similar group of seven shrines (Ise, Iwashimizu, Kamo, Kasuga, Hie,… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Hachiman (Daibosatsu) —    One of the most popular Japanese deities, traditionally regarded as the god of archery and war, in which context he is referred to as yumiya Hachiman or bow and arrow Hachiman and symbolised by bow and arrows, yumidai. Hachiman is worshipped… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Kasuga —    The kami variously enshrined at Kasuga (in the city of Nara) constituted initially the ujigami of the pre eminently powerful Fujiwara clan, many of whom became members of the imperial line. Kasuga eventually became the ujigami of the entire… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Masuho, Zanko — (1655 1742)    A remarkable Shinto populariser who used soapbox techniques and vulgar anecdotes to instil an appreciation of Shinto and the superiority of the Japanese way in his large audiences. Also known as Masuho, Nokoguchi, he was probably… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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