Shin-mon
   'Kami-gate'. A gate, often an impressive roofed construction built in the style of the shrine, which allows the approaching visitor to pass through the shrine's encircling walls or fences (tamagaki) and can be closed at night. There are several types or designations of shin-mon. Ro-mon can be applied to any category but sometimes refers to a gate formerly reserved for the imperial messenger to the shrine. So-mon usually means the gate through the second tamagaki but may also mean outer gates. The names yotsu-ashi-mon 'four-legged gate' and yatsu-ashi-mon 'eight-legged gate' indicate the number of pillars supporting the central pillars from which these types of gate are hung. Kara-mon means a gate of multi-gabled Chinese (Tang) style from the Kamakura period and zuijin-mon is a gate which either enshrines the shrine's guardians (zuijin='attendant') or is flanked by their statues. The guardians used often to be Buddhist figures, and many were destroyed in the wake of the shinbutsu bunri decrees of 1868. Shrine gates were a continental, Buddhist-influenced development of primitive shrine architecture. Especially with the spread of ryobu shinto it became common to build two-storey portals instead of simple torii. Examples of classic Buddhist-style gates are the Yomei-mon at the Nikko Toshogu and the gates of the Gion, Kamo and Hakozaki shrines. Gates such as those at the Meiji and Yasukuni shrines constructed since the separation of Buddhas and kami in 1868 are largely of unpainted wood with a thatched, tiled or copper roof in a nineteenth century 'pure Shinto' style, though the Sugo-isobe jinja in Ishikawa has a gate built in 1875 in stone and ironwork in a unique three-storied semi-European fashion.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shin Sawbu — (birman ရှင်စောပု, shɪ̀ɴ sɔ pṵ ; môn သေဝ်စါဝ်ပေါအ် ; 1394–1472) régna sur le royaume d Hanthawaddy, en Basse Birmanie, de 1453 à 1472[1]. Elle est aussi connue sous le nom de Binnya Thau (ဗညားထောဝ်) ou Vieille Rein …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mon Colle Knights — Cover of the second manga volume 六門天外モンコレナイト (Rokumon Tengai Mon Kore Naito) Genre Action Adventure, Fantasy …   Wikipedia

  • Mon people — Mon မွန်လူမျိုး‌ Total population 8,145,500[ …   Wikipedia

  • Shin’ya Tsukamoto — mit Eric Bossick bei den 66. internationalen Filmfestspielen in Venedig 2009 Shin’ya Tsukamoto (jap. 塚本 晋也, Tsukamoto Shin’ya; * 1. Januar 1960 in der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shin Bo-Me — (birman : ရှင်ဘို့မယ်, ʃɪ̀ɴ bo̯ mɛ̀, ou Shin Bo Mai) fut l épouse de cinq rois successifs du Royaume d Ava, en Haute Birmanie, au début du XVe siècle, et la reine principale de trois d entre eux. D ethnie Shane, elle était considérée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shin (lettre) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Shin. Lettres de l’hébreu א Aleph ב Beth/Veth …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Shin-Gunto — Als Guntō (jap. 軍刀, dt. „Armeeschwert“), wird das japanische Militärschwert bezeichnet, welches im Zweiten Weltkrieg seine Blütezeit hatte. Es ist eine Abwandlung des Katana, des Schwertes der Samurai. Die japanische Armee und Marine setzten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shin Gunto — Als Guntō (jap. 軍刀, dt. „Armeeschwert“), wird das japanische Militärschwert bezeichnet, welches im Zweiten Weltkrieg seine Blütezeit hatte. Es ist eine Abwandlung des Katana, des Schwertes der Samurai. Die japanische Armee und Marine setzten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mon kingdoms — History of Burma Prehistory 11,000–100 BCE Pyu city states 100 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 …   Wikipedia

  • Mon (architecture) — Nikkō Tōshō gū s omote mon (front gate) structurally is a yakkyakumon (eight legged gate) Mon (門, lit. gate …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”