Shinto Taikyo
   'Great Teaching of Shinto'. One of the thirteen groups of 'sect Shinto' (kyoha shinto). An organisation with no single founder, it was established in 1873 by pro-Shinto Meiji administrators as the 'Temple of the Great Teaching' (Taikyo-in) to organise the missionary activities of the 'Great Promulgation Campaign' (taikyo senpu undo). As a result of internal disagreements the Taikyo-in was dissolved and replaced by the 'Office of Shinto', Shinto jimukyoku. After the official separation of religion and politics (seikyo bunri) of 1882 this office was renamed 'Shinto honkyoku' (Chief Office of Shinto) and recognised as a sect by the Home Ministry in 1886. It fostered the basic principles of the emperor system up to 1945 under the leadership of a series of kancho (presidents), the sixth of whom changed the name to Shinto Taikyo to emphasise the sect's non­governmental status. Its teachings focus on the first three kami in the Kojiki account of the origin of the world; Ame-no-Minakanushi-no-kami, Takami-musubi-no-kami and Kami-musubi-no-kami, as well as Amaterasu, Izanagi and Izanami, and the yao-yorozu-no-kami. The teachings of the sect are closely aligned with the major features of jinja shinto. They include an emphasis on the eternal bond between Shinto and Japan, purification (harae), the closeness of kami and humans, festivals and enshrinement of the dead. After the second world war Shinto Taikyo reformed its teachings to emphasise a way of peace founded on respect for the emperor in place of the more overt nationalism of prewar days, and looks back to the Meiji period when the 'Japanese spirit' flourished. It was recognised as a shukyo hojin in 1951. In deference to its origins Shinto Taikyo is regarded as the representative of all the sect Shinto groups.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taikyo —    Or daikyo. The Great teaching , one of the names for the new national religion promulgated by the early Meiji government, elements of which developed into modern Shinto. See taikyo senpu undo …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Taikyo senpu undo —     The Great Promulgation Campaign or Great Teaching Movement . The first attempt by the Meiji government from 1870 1884 to formulate a nation uniting religion. The campaign comprised three elements: (1) The three great teachings (taikyo, sanjo… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto — For other uses, see Shinto (disambiguation). Takachiho gawara. Here is a Sacred ground …   Wikipedia

  • Shinto — Shintoist, n., adj. /shin toh/, n. 1. Also, Shintoism. the native religion of Japan, primarily a system of nature and ancestor worship. adj. 2. Also, Shintoistic. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Shinto. [ < Japn shinto, earlier shintau <… …   Universalium

  • Shinto sects and schools — Torii gate typical from Shinto shrines Shinto (神道, shintō?), the …   Wikipedia

  • Shintō-Abspaltung — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shintō-Sekte — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Shintō-Sekten — Als Sekten Shintō (jap. 教派神道 kyōha shintō oder 宗派神道 shūha shintō) wurde vor Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs der von dreizehn offiziell anerkannten Shintō Sekten ausgeübte Shintō verstanden. Diese Sekten wurden 1882 per Gesetz im Gegensatz zu den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kyoha Shinto —     Sect Shinto . An administrative category applied to certain religious groups. It emerged as a result of Meiji government legislation in 1876 designed to give all kinds of independent religious movements, some of which focused on a particular… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Staats-Shintō — Der 1912 20 nach der Ideologie des Staats Shintō errichtete Meiji Schrein Der Staats Shintō (jap. 国家神道, kokka shintō) war im engeren Sinn der von der Meiji Restauration bis zur Niederlage im Zweiten Weltkrieg in Japan von der Regierung als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”