Seii-taishogun (barbarian-subduing great general) was the title originally assigned to whichever military leader was engaged on behalf of the emperor in subjugating the Ezo (Ainu) in the north of Honshu, the main island of Japan. In 1192 Minamoto no Yoritomo was given this title and set up a bakufu government at Kamakura to exercise control over all the Japanese provinces. The shogunate thus established bypassed imperial rule and Japan was ruled by successive dynasties of shoguns until the last, Tokugawa Yoshinobu (or Keiki, 1827—1913), who resigned on November 9th 1867 to make way for the modernising government headed by the emperor Meiji.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • shogun — 1610s, hereditary commander of Japanese army, from Jap. (sei i tai) shogun (barbarian subduing) chief (late 12c.), sound substitution for Chinese chiang chiin, lit. lead army …   Etymology dictionary

  • shogun — [shō′gun΄, shō′goon΄, shō′go͞on΄] n. [SinoJpn shōgun, military leader < Chin chiang chun] any of the hereditary governors of Japan who, until 1867, constituted a quasi dynasty exercising absolute rule and relegating the emperors to a nominal… …   English World dictionary

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  • Shogun — Sho gun, n. [Jap., from Chin. tsiang ki[ U]n commander in chief.] A title originally conferred by the Mikado on the military governor of the eastern provinces of Japan. By gradual usurpation of power the Shoguns (known to foreigners as {Tycoons}) …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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