Shushi-gaku
   The Neo-Confucian philosophy of Chu Hsi (Japanese: Shushi, 1130—1200) as imported to Japan. It was embraced by the samurai class and became state orthodoxy during the Tokugawa period. Together with the philosophy of Wang Yang-ming (Japanese: Oyomei) it has exercised considerable influence in many areas of society including popular and official religion and ethics from the Tokugawa period onwards. Shushi thought focuses on the duties of the ideal ruler to guide his people to act in accordance with their inherently virtuous mind. Proper conduct and self-cultivation which may take the form of Zen-type meditation or the intellectual 'investigation of things' are believed to discipline the heart and mind.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Shushi —    Chu Hsi (1130 1200).    Chinese Neo Confucian scholar whose influence spread from China and dominated Japanese intellectual life in the Tokugawa period. His system of thought is known as shushi gaku …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Mito-gaku —     Mito learning . The name of the school of Japanese and Shinto studies founded in the Confucian domain of Mito in the mid Tokugawa period by Tokugawa, Mitsukuni, second daimyO of Mito. It aimed to synthesise Confucian (shushi) and Japanese… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Hayashi, Razan — (1583 1657)    A Confucian government adviser, one of the Hayashi line who became in effect hereditary philosophers to the shogunate with the result that shushi gaku remained overwhelmingly influential in Japanese intellectual thought, officially …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Yamaga, Soko — (1622 1685)    A Confucian kogaku ( ancient learning ) scholar and military scientist, influential in samurai ethics and an important influence on later thinkers such as Yoshida, Shoin who educated a number of leading figures of the Meiji… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Tokugawa period —     Tokugawa was the clan name of the shoguns based at Edo, present day Tokyo who ruled Japan from 1603 1868 (hence Tokugawa period=Edo period). The system of rule during this period of unprecedented internal stability in Japan was based on the… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Tokugawa, Mitsukuni — (1628 1700)    Second daimyo of the feudal domain of Mito, and a grandson of Tokugawa, Ieyasu. He is otherwise known as Mito komon, Seizan or Giko. He encouraged the study of Shushi gaku Neo Confucianism with a view to synthesising Japanese and… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Sakihito Ozawa — 小沢 鋭仁 Mandats Président de la Commission de l Environnement de la Chambre des représentants du Japon Actuellement en fonction Depuis le 1er oct …   Wikipédia en Français

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