Tokugawa period

Tokugawa period
   'Tokugawa' was the clan-name of the shoguns based at Edo, present-day Tokyo who ruled Japan from 1603-1868 (hence Tokugawa period=Edo period). The system of rule during this period of unprecedented internal stability in Japan was based on the feng-chien (Japanese: hoken) system of the Chou dynasty in China, with local authority exercised by 260-270 families of feudal lords (daimyo) under the overall control of the shogun in Edo, known by the Confucian term taikun (Great Master). The Tokugawa period had begun with the suppression of Christianity, a ban on which was maintained throughout the Edo period and enforced in two ways; by 'closure of the country' (sakoku) to keep foreign influences at bay and by compulsory registration of all parishioners— including of course shrine priests—as Buddhists; to be Japanese was to be a parishioner of a Buddhist temple. The period also saw the gradual permeation of Neo-Confucian (shushi-gaku, Oyomei) orthodoxy from the ruler and samurai class down to other sectors of society including the merchants. Confucian ideas of selfless loyalty, filial piety and proper relationships (see e.g. Kyoiku chokugo) subsequently formed the basis of the Emperor system 'restored' under the name of Shinto in the Meiji period. Most of the leading ideas now seen as integral to Shinto such as an emphasis on the emperor as the divine apex of Shinto worship and the notion of the whole nation of Japan as a 'divine land', were developed under the influence of Confucian historiography during this period. The Shinto movement started with the activities of Tokugawa, Mitsukuni (1628-1700) and the Mito-gaku historians and was developed principally by kokugaku scholars and activists working with Nara-period texts such as the Kojiki and Nihongi.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Tokugawa period — (1603–1867) In Japanese history, period of the military government established by Tokugawa Ieyasu with his assumption of the title of shogun in 1603. The structures Ieyasu set in place were effective for governing Japan for the next 264 years. He …   Universalium

  • Tokugawa — may refer to:*Tokugawa clan, a powerful family of Japan *Tokugawa shogunate, a feudal regime of Japan *Tokugawa period, aka Edo period, an era in Japanese historyee also*Tokugawa (surname) …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa shogunate — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Edo Bakufu common name = Tokugawa Bakufu continent = Asia region = Japan |year start = 1603 |year end = 1868 symbol type = Mon symbol type article = Mon of the Tokugawa Shogunate |p1 …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Ieyasu — born Jan. 31, 1543, Okazaki, Japan died June 1, 1616, Sumpu Founder of the Tokugawa shogunate (see Tokugawa period) and ruler of Japan (1603–16). Along with Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Ieyasu was one of the three unifiers of premodern… …   Universalium

  • TOKUGAWA LITERATURE —    Lasting from roughly 1600 through 1868, the Tokugawa period witnessed over two centuries of cultural and literary flowering during a time of relative isolation from the West. Since the political capital shifted from Kyoto to Edo, it is also… …   Japanese literature and theater

  • period — /pear ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of illness; a period of great profitability for a company; a period of social… …   Universalium

  • Tokugawa (surname) — Tokugawa (Shinjitai (modern Japanese) spelling: 徳川; Kyūjitai (historical Japanese) spelling: 德川) is a surname in Japan. It originated with Tokugawa Ieyasu, who took the surname in 1567. He and his fourteen successors were shoguns during the Edo… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Tadanaga — (徳川忠長: 1606 ndash;1633) was a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period. The son of the second shogun Tokugawa Hidetada, his elder brother was the third shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu. Life Often called Suruga Dainagon (the major counsellor of Suruga),… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Naritaka — (徳川斉荘; July 14, 1810 August 8, 1845) was a Japanese daimyo of the early late Edo period. The son of the 11th shogun Tokugawa Ienari, he succeeded Tokugawa Narimasa as head of the Tayasu Tokugawa house, before succeeding to the Tokugawa house of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tokugawa Yorinobu — (徳川頼宣 April 28, 1602 – February 19, 1671) was a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period. Born under the name Nagafukumaru, he was the 10th son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, by his concubine Oman no kata. On December 8, 1603, Yorinobu received the fief of… …   Wikipedia

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