Tokugawa, Mitsukuni
(1628-1700)
   Second daimyo of the feudal domain of Mito, and a grandson of Tokugawa, Ieyasu. He is otherwise known as Mito-komon, Seizan or Giko. He encouraged the study of Shushi-gaku Neo-Confucianism with a view to synthesising Japanese and Chinese thought, and sponsored a number of scholarly projects within the Mito-gaku school including the influential Dai-Nihon-shi or 'History of Japan' which argued that the imperial household should be elevated to the status of divine focus of religious loyalty for the whole nation. He anticipated some elements of the shinbutsu bunri of 1868 by destroying about a thousand Buddhist temples and ordering one shrine to be built per village ('isson issha') in his domain. His statue, along with that of Tokugawa, Nariaki, ninth daimyo of Mito (1800-1860), was installed in the Tokiwa Jinja at Mito in 1874. Both are regarded as kami. Another statue was kept in the Buddhist Kyushoji, a temple built by Mitsukuni for his mother, until the temple was destroyed by bombing in 1945.
   See Kokugaku.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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