Watarai Shinto
   or Ise shinto, Geku shinto. The form of Shinto developed by Watarai, Ieyuki and his successors which gave prominence to the outer shrine (geku) of Toyo-uke traditionally served by the Watarai clan. Developing ideas from Shingon esoteric Buddhism and onmyo-do (yin and yang), Watarai Shinto adapted shrine-priest purification rituals (harae) to make them available to ordinary individuals. In doing so they identified the various kami at Ise as the essential source of individual purification or 'original enlightenment' (the Buddhist notion of hongaku). Consequently, a pilgrimage to Ise or participation in rituals associated with Ise organised by oshi became a means of self-purification and progress towards enlightenment. In the seventeenth century Watarai shinto was revived in a Confucian (shushi) idiom appropriate to the age by Deguchi (Watarai), Nobuyoshi. The kami were now equated with ri (the cosmic inner and outer principle which supports the ordered society) rather than Buddhist enlightenment, so a pilgrimage to Ise meant a closer union of one's own inner nature with ri. In the mid-eighteenth century the combination of anti-Confucian tendencies, kokugaku ideas which emphasised the primacy of the inner shrine as a focus for imperial devotion rather than commoners' pilgrimage, and scholarly doubts about the authenticity of the shinto gobusho, all contributed to the decline of Watarai Shinto.

A Popular Dictionary of Shinto. .

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  • Watarai, Ieyuki — (1256 1356/62?) A priest of the Outer Shrine (geku) of Ise Jingu during the troubled period of the Northern and Southern courts. He was a close friend of Kitabatake, Chikafusa and active supporter of his attempts, while based at Ise, to establish …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto —    A Sino Japanese term meaning simply gods or spirits (shin/kami) or the way, conduct, power or deeds of the kami. In China the term shen tao written with the same characters as Shinto referred to spirits and spirit worship, especially non… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto Gobusho —     The Five Shinto Scriptures . The name given in the late seventeenth century by Deguchi, Nobuyoshi to a collection of thirteenth century texts of Watarai (or Ise) shinto. Five scriptures purporting to be ancient secret works restricted to… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto — Shintoist, n., adj. /shin toh/, n. 1. Also, Shintoism. the native religion of Japan, primarily a system of nature and ancestor worship. adj. 2. Also, Shintoistic. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Shinto. [ < Japn shinto, earlier shintau <… …   Universalium

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  • Watarai, Nobuyoshi —    Deguchi, Nobuyoshi …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Shinto shrine — A Shinto shrine is a structure whose main purpose is to house ( enshrine ) a Shinto kami , and is usually characterized by the presence of a nihongo|shinden|神殿 (also called nihongo| honden |本殿 [ Shinden ,… …   Wikipedia

  • Deguchi (or Watarai), Nobuyoshi — (1615 1690)    A hereditary priest, lecturer and writer of the Geku shrine of the Ise Jingu and the most important spokesman of the revived Watarai Shinto of the Tokugawa period. At the age of six he was assistant to the gon negi. He is referred… …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Geku Shinto —    The Shinto of the outer shrine at Ise jingu.    See Watarai Shinto …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

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